S two.85 occasions larger than that of the mechanical shaking. As a result, the ultrasound

S two.85 occasions larger than that of the mechanical shaking. As a result, the ultrasound treatment inside the D-isoascorbyl palmitate p38 MAPK Inhibitor Gene ID synthesis leads to the improvement of process efficiencypeting interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests.4.5. six. 7. eight. 9. 10. 11.12.13. 14. 15.16.17. Authors’ contributions FJ C and WJ S conceived from the study, participated in its style and coordination, and drafted the manuscript. HX Z performed experiments and analyzed final results and helped to draft the manuscript. Z W, Q Z, SL Y and Y D performed partial experiments and analyzed benefits. All authors study and approved the manuscript. Acknowledgements This function was supported by funding from the National High Technologies Investigation and Improvement Program (2012AA022103), China Postdoctoral Science Special Foundation (2013T60648), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2012M511222), 2012 Excellent Key Young Teachers Project of Jiangsu University, Student Research Grant System of Jiangsu University (No 12A008), Advanced Programs of Jiangxi Postdoctoral Science Foundation ([2012]195 and 2013 KY17), Jiangxi Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2012 RC29), Science Technology Platform Building System (2010DTZ01900) and Priority Science and Technology Innovation Group Project of Jiangxi Province. Author details 1 School of Meals and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, P.R. China. 2Parchn Sodium Isovitamin C Co. Ltd, Dexing Gli Source 334221, P.R. China. 3Jiangxi Provincial Engineering and Technology Center for Food Additives Bio-production, Xingangshan Town, Dexing 334221, P.R. China. four Division of Pharmaceutical, Hebei Chemical and Pharmaceutical College, Shijiazhuang 050026, P.R. China. Received: 9 August 2013 Accepted: 5 December 2013 Published: 9 December 2013 References 1. Karmee SK: Biocatalytic synthesis of ascorbyl esters and their biotechnological applications. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2009, 81:1013022. two. Est ez M, Ventanas S, Cava R: Protein oxidation in frankfurters with growing levels of added rosemary important oil: effect on color and texture deterioration. Food Chem 2007, 100:553. 3. Pokorny J, Yanishlieva N, Gordon M: Antioxidants in Meals – Sensible Applications. E-Publishing, Inc. England: Eds; 2001: AF: Final report on the security assessment of ascorbyl palmitate, ascorbyl dipalmitate, ascorbyl stearate, erythorbic acid, and sodium erythorbate. Int J Toxicol 1999, 18:16. U.S. Meals and Drug Administration, Rockville, MD.U.S: http://accessdata. fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfmfr=182.3041. FAO/WHO Food Requirements: http:codexalimentarius.net/gsfaonline/ index.html. Rehwoldt R: Tracking the use of antioxidants by way of industry surveys. Food Chem Toxicol 1986, 24:1039041. Hui YH: Handbook of Food Science. E-Publishing, Inc. USA: Technology and Engineering; 2006:323. Wescott CR, Klibanov AM: Solvent variation inverts substrate specificity of an enzyme. J Am Chem Soc 1993, 115:1629631. Park KM, Lee DE, Sung H, Lee JH, Chang PS: Lipase-catalysed synthesis of erythorbyl laurate in acetonitrile. Food Chem 2011, 129:593. Lee DE, Park KM, Choi SJ, Chang PS: Optimal production and structural characterization of erythorbyl laurate obtained via lipase-catalyzed esterification. Food Sci Biotechnol 2012, 21:1209215. Sun WJ, Zhao HX, Cui FJ, Li YH, Yu SL, Zhou Q, Qian YG, Dong Y: D-isoascorbyl palmitate: lipase-catalyzed synthesis, structural characterization and approach opti.